We’ve talked about periodontal disease a few times now, but what exactly is it?
Basically, it’s an infection in your gums. There are two types of gum disease – gingivitis and periodontitis.
Gingivitis – Is a reversible disease which is usually caused by bacteria build up in our mouth called plaque. Plaque left around the gumline stimulates an inflammation response from our bodies resulting in red, swollen, and bleeding gums. Gingivitis can usually be treated with a thorough clean by a Hygienist or Oral Health Therapist and a slight shift in brushing technique and some form of flossing. If this regime is followed consistently for 2 weeks, gingivitis will heal and gums will return to their normal healthy selves. In some cases we can recommend a special mouthwash for temporary use that will reduce bacteria in the mouth to aid in healing.
However, if gingivitis is left untreated, it can progress to periodontitis, which is a more serious form of the disease. Periodontitis is a chronic inflammation of the gums and is irreversible. Periodontitis is when the bacterial infection spreads to the tissues and bones that support the teeth, causing the gums to pull away from the teeth, forms pockets in the gum that are more susceptible to infection This leads to bone loss and possible tooth loss.